Quick and easy, step-by-step instructions for Linux, on setting up an automatic on demand mount of a remote system – accessible via SSH.
First, by setting up RSA Key Authentication between the two systems that eliminates the need for a manual password entry. And then, by setting up a local directory for mounting the file system with Sshfs. The remote system will be auto-mounted only “on demand”, when the mount directory is being accessed. Not on boot.
Stage 1: RSA Key Authentication with SSH
— Make sure you have Sshfs installed.
apt-get install sshfs
— Run below command in console as normal user & hit enter for all the questions, (file path, no password..).
— Copy newly created public key to remote host root.
scp .ssh/id_rsa.pub firstname.lastname@example.org:local-host.ssh
— Log in to remote file system using conventional method.
— Create known_hosts file with contents of the public key.
cat local-host.ssh >> .ssh/authorized_keys
— Fix file permissions (important..).
chmod 744 .ssh
chmod 644 .ssh/authorized_keys
chmod 755 $HOME
— Log out from system and test if you can connect to the remote system via SSH without a password.
Stage 2: Creating Sshfs Mount Point
— Create a mount directory, mountable by root.
sudo mkdir /mnt/remote
— Edit fstab with connection details to remote host and path to user’s private key.
sudo nano /etc/fstab
email@example.com:/remote/directory /mnt/remote fuse.sshfs noauto,x-systemd.automount,_netdev,users,idmap=user,IdentityFile=/home/[USER]/.ssh/id_rsa,allow_other,reconnect 0 0
— Mount file system or reboot.
sudo mount /mnt/remote
These steps for this “how to” were tested using Ubuntu. Kernel 4.1x.
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